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Notes from around 2000
Linear equations are examples of how nnets receive in/output. so sets of two equations can refer to planet pairs? when these equations are solved one variable - planet is set to zero/nothing! It is empty! So is this the referent to reprogramming our mind?!
All the criticism and the ability or permission for others to criticize me disappeared with my enlightenment: became empty or nothingness. If it emerges out of the nature of reality then it is mine and I know it: its orgin, purpose and synergy with all life. This is the path of enlightenment and of all those before me!
5/28/00 2:02 PM. Energy and force, especially gravity, is really a basin of attraction within an attractor. This synergizes it with mind as a state and with coherence and system states. It also explains "levitation" and other interactions as change of the basin!
Family:John Bradshaw has been called "America's leading personal growth expert." The author of five New York Times bestsellers, Bradshaw On: The Family, Healing the Shame That Binds You, Homecoming, Creating Love, and Family Secrets, John's books have sold over four million copies in North America. He created and hosted four nationally broadcast PBS television series based on his best-selling books. John pioneered the concept of the "Inner Child" and brought the term "dysfunctional family" into the mainstream. He has touched and changed millions of lives through his books, television series, and his lectures and workshops around the country. John has lived everything he writes about. Born in Houston, Texas, into a troubled family, abandoned by his alcoholic father, he became a high academic achiever who was also an out-of-control teenager. He completed his education in Canada, where he studied for the Roman Catholic priesthood, earning three degrees from the University of Toronto. During the past twenty-five years he has worked as a counselor, theologian, management consultant, and public speaker, becoming one of the primary figures in the contemporary self-help movement. For more information about John's background, take a look at his curriculum vitae <http://www.creativegrowth.com/johnres.htm>, prepared by Matthew Fox at Bradshaw Cassettes <http://www.bradshawcassettes.com> Curriculum Vitae Date and Place of Birth: June 29,1933, Houston, Texas
EDUCATIONUniversity of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, 1955-1958, B.A.
- Graduated Magna Cum Laude.
- Recipient of the Following Awards:
- Trustees' Scholarship.
- John Mac Donald? Scholarship in Philosophy.
- Cardinal Mercier Gold Medal in Philosophy.
- Trustees' Gold Medal for Academic Excellence.
- University of Toronto, 1960-1963, S.T.B. Degree
- (Bachelor of Sacred Theology) and M.A. in Philosophy.
- Rice University, Houston, Texas, 1969-1972.
- Graduate work in Psychology and Religion.
- Faculty, Saint Thomas High School, Houston, Texas 1958-1960
- Faculty, Saint Thomas University, Houston, Texas 1963-1964
- Faculty, Sacred Heart Dominican College, Houston, Texas, 1965-1970
- Strake Jesuit College Preparatory, Houston, Texas, 1966-1969
- Chairman of the Religion Department
- Rice University, Houston, Texas, Teaching Fellow, 1969-1972
- Management Consultant, Denka Chemical Corporation, Houston, Texas, 1977-1980
- Texas General Resources, Inc., Houston, Texas, 1980-1983
- Board of Directors and Director of Human Resources Program
- Faculty, Ultimate Strength Conferences, The Houstonian, Inc., 1980-1982
- Consulting Practice, 1969-1988
- Palmer Drug Abuse Program, Board of Directors, 1981-1988
- Palmer Drug Abuse Program, Los Angeles, President, 1981-1988
- The Life Plus Codependancy Treatment Center, National Director, 1987-1990
- John Bradshaw Center at Ingleside Hospital, National Director, Los Angeles, 1990-1993
- Lecture Series at more than one thousand churches and synagogues, 1960-present
- Bradshaw On: The Family - 1986 (Health Communications, Inc.)
- Bradshaw On: Healing the Shame that Binds You - 1988 (Health Communications, Inc.)
- Homecoming: Reclaiming and Championing Your Inner Child - 1990 (Bantam)
- Creating Love - 1992 (Bantam)
- Family Secrets - 1995 (Bantam)
- Bradshaw On: The Family (Revised) - 1996 (Health Communications, Inc.)
- Host, Spotlight, a weekly one-hour television program - 1969-1972
- The Eight Stages of Man - eight part PBS series - aired 1982
- Bradshaw on the Family - ten-part PBS series - aired 1985
- Where Are You Father - one-hour PBS program - aired 1986
- Healing the Shame that Binds You - one-hour PBS program - aired 1987
- Adult Children of Dysfunctional Families - two-hour PBS program - aired 1988
- Surviving Divorce - ninety-minute PBS program - aired 1989
- Bradshaw On Homecoming - ten-part PBS series - aired 1990
- Nominated for an Emmy Award
- Creating Love - ten-part PBS series - aired 1992-1993
- Eating Disorders - three-part PBS series - aired 1994-1995
- Bradshaw On: Family Secrets - six-part PBS series - aired 1995
- Host, The Bradshaw Difference, a nationally syndicated daily talk show - 1996
- [Some of these cassettes are available at the Public library: I have used them.]
- For Bradshaw group go to:
Our therapists are highly trained to help you resolve all life, career, family, and relationship difficulties or transitions. Some issues we address:
- creating intimacy and trust
- overcoming codependency
- self-esteem and healthy boundaries
- loving without addiction
- depression, anxiety, stress
- grief, loss, loneliness
- career conflicts
- sexual difficulties
- childhood wounds related to alcoholism, incest, other traumas
- incorporating therapy into your 12-step program
- effective communication and anger release
- the ability to express emotion
- money and power struggles
- addictions and compulsive behaviors
- exploring purpose, meaning, spiritual growth
- clarifying commitments
- freeing creativity, spontaneity and joy
About Bradshaw:It's been over thirty years, but I still remember the pain of junior high school. That's when schooling and education began to go bad. That's when the joy of learning began to get tainted, overlaid by a new imperative: evaluation, testing, "making the grade." School got to be very competitive, the distinction began to get drawn between what "counted" and what didn't. And we began to have to think in terms of "the future," and how our grades and performance would measure up for college, which was still at least 7 years away. Education became an anxious hustle to stay ahead and to perform well. In the midst of this new trauma, there was a teacher who stood out and who was a pleasure to be taught by. His name was Ken Pittman and he taught 7th grade General Science. Mr. Pittman (I still think of him that way) brought to his teaching a warm humanity, a vibrant humor, and a caring from the heart. I still remember him in his gray lab coat, a young man with close-cropped hair (after all, this was still the early 1960's), standing in front of his lab table teaching us about the respiratory system and how car engines worked. And I remember being inspired, interested, and nurtured. If we've been lucky, we've all had a teacher like Ken Pittman somewhere along the line during our school years. I think of Ken Pittman when I sit down to write about John Bradshaw, another teacher who teaches from the heart. What I liked about Mr. Pittman is that he taught me about how things worked, he helped explain the mystery underlying automobiles and the physical body. In much the same way, John Bradshaw has helped so many of us understand how we got to be the way we are. He has demystified the process of human learning and growth, and he has done so much to help us begin to remove the stigma and burden of self-shame, self-blame, and self-hatred. These two men share something in common: both were very real. They weren't pretending to be something they weren't. They brought to their teaching their own self, their own sense of being who they were. They weren't out to prove anything, they were just being. And from this groundedness, they taught us things that were useful, that were helpful, and that nurtured the soul.
In so many ways, John Bradshaw has been a pivotal force in bringing us out of hiding, and out from the toxic shame that always accompanying hiding. Through his teachings in his writings, on TV, and in person, he has synthesized and articulated complex principles of human growth and family dysfunction, so that not only can we understand it, we can put these learnings to good use. As any good teacher does, he opens our eyes to new possibilities, he helps us remove the crusted prisms through which we've seen life. He gives us hope and he shows us a way out. And, as any good teacher, he leaves it to us to do the work, to practice the principles, to live according to our highest values. It's been my pleasure over these last six years to work with John when he comes to the Bay Area to do his workshops and lectures. While he had his inpatient treatment center in Los Angeles, our counseling center, the Center for Creative Growth, was his Bay Area counseling affiliate and, as such, we had the rare privilege of being trained to offer in the Bay Area specially designed group programs designed by him and his staff . I've always enjoyed the fact that who John Bradshaw is on stage and on TV is the same person I experience when I share a lunch with him or talk with him one-on-one. He demonstrates and models what he teaches us: to be authentic, to be congruent, to be yourself. To use 12-step terminology, I've always respected that John "walks the walk," and doesn't just "talk the talk." John offers us a message of hope: that there's a way out from the painful and hurtful patterns that we learned growing up in a dysfunctional world and in dysfunctional families. It's not a new message, really. He doesn't pretend that it is. In fact, more than any other "superstar" in the human potential movement, John is quick to acknowledge where he learns the things he teaches and who said it first. His mastery and his contribution come from the heartfelt ways that he has synthesized diverse psychological material and in the way he shares it with us. We resonate with him, he's also "on the path," he's "one of us." He gives us permission to be ourselves, to feel our pain and our grief, and to transform those feelings over time into serenity, acceptance, and purpose. John Bradsaw is, of course, part of a larger movement at work today: a movement of all life towards enhanced awareness and fulfillment, a great shift in consciousness from scarcity and deprivation to a deeper grounding in ourselves as spiritual beings, not "human do-ings." As part of that consciousness shift occurring throughout the world, more of us are determined to shed the weight of old shame and hurt that has been passed from generation to generation and we are finding potent paths to uncover our true selves and to drop the encrusted residue of the old. As a true Teacher of our Times, John is helping point the way. http://www.creativegrowth.com/opexart.htm
Also:Over the last 20 years, we have come increasingly out of the closet of denial: therapists and clients alike are more willing and likely to stop idealizing family of origin relationships. People are more able and willing to see -- and feel the pain involved in -- the various forms of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse that is so staggeringly prevalent in our society. The therapy profession has facilitated this expansion of awareness and emergence from denial by increasingly embracing the "growth model" for human development versus the more medically-oriented "pathology model."
Bringing out the best in your child's personality.
Parents and educators can make a difference
April 11 - Every parent wants a bright, flexible and outgoing child. They also worry their child might not turn out this way. On NBC's "Today" show, psychiatrist Stanley Greenspan says biology does play a big role in shaping personality, but there's a lot a parent can do to "nurture nature." Read some of the advice he shares with "Today."
The important point is that biology is not destiny, and being able to recognize your general type of child is key.
Dr. Greenspan says the key is understanding your child's personality type. There are five types of personalities, and parents can recognize early on what type their child is. This understanding is a tool parents have to help them produce a child who is a creative, healthy version of that personality type.
Babies are born with different physical tendencies that stem from biological, genetic and environmental things that happen during the prenatal phase of development while their nervous systems are growing. [This development in animals of "natal growth in the belly" versus the laying of eggs in reptiles and birds allowed this "reptilian" stage of development to differentiate in the post genetic holographic layers of mind known as midbrain or mammal - animal brain! Thus there is a strong biological type that can be related to the autonomic nervous system and its primary intelligence known as sensation.]
This contributes to a personality type. Then, experiences with caregivers determine whether this personality type is more of a problem, or more of an asset. [This "experiences with caregivers" is the midbrain - animal intelligence formed as "family" layer of holomind!]
Greenspan explains that early in life the nervous system is still very pliable, so you can actually change the way your nervous system works. "What's exciting here is how we've learned how to nurture nature," says Greenspan, "and help a child go from being fearful or anxious to being assertive and confident." [As researched and explained by Alice Miller ad Bradshaw, "assertive" was considered a negative trait to be repressed called "willfulness". This trait stood in the way of "following in the family footsteps" or honoring the "Father and Mother" as family tradition which included all the resources and knowledge handed down over the generations that contributed to the success of that family.]
Sometimes the personality is clear at eight months of age. Certainly by the time the child's a toddler or a preschooler it's pretty clear whether he's a shy child holding his ears, or a child who is running around and banging into everything. Or, he may be stubborn, argumentative, self-absorbed, independent or very distractible and with trouble following directions. There are five patterns Greenspan identifies. Each one has an ideal environment to help the child.
THE PERSONALITY TYPES:
1. SensitiveThis baby, child or even adult, is very sensitive and tends to be fearful or anxious. It used to be thought this person was just fearful, cautious and shy. Now we're finding that's not the case. These children are sensitive to basic things like touch and sound. [Reptile brain stuff!]
A cat's meow sounds like a lion's roar. So at a preschool, this child goes into the classroom with noise and commotion, and is very fearful, even though he/she was perfectly fine at home. This is a child who easily gets overloaded. It's important for caregivers to be very soothing and very gradual with this child. If we help a sensitive child with the right nurturing environment, this child becomes outgoing, assertive and confident. If we overwhelm the sensitive child, the child becomes fearful, anxious and prone to depression.
2. Active AssertiveThis child craves sensory input, likes to move around a lot, can be dare devilish and can grow up to be either a great entrepreneur, a politician or anti-social. Where the fearful child is oversensitive to sound and touch, this child is underreactive to sound and touch. He/she wants the sound turned up and loud. This child is insensitive to pain and bounces into everything and enjoys it, not because he is mean spirited, but because he needs a lot of sensory input. It can be misperceived as aggressive, and if treated like that instead of showing him how to calm down, he could get to be really aggressive as he grows older. Provide a lot of structure and regulation, but do not be punitive or pull away from this child. Be very nurturing.
3. Underreactive/Self-AbsorbedThis child doesn't register sensation very well. He has less coordination in his motor system - usually what we call "low muscle tone." He tends to be self-absorbed, get lost in fantasy - the child who becomes a couch potato. To get his attention you have to talk really loud and do a lot of physical play. This is a child who might be in a corner doing pretend play by himself, or getting lost in computer games. There's a tendency to leave him alone, which is not good. This child can become a very creative, warm, nurturing person if you pull him out, as opposed to letting him escape.
[This author recognizes oppositional types as real integrated synergetic dynamics of living systems! These last two types are opposites. There are actually 4 poles of opposition as given in the "Cross" and each pole has 5 "real" types. There are 3 poles of resonance of each type and its opposite from the "Star of David". ]
4. Stubborn Defiant [self organizing]This is a kid who gets lost in the stubborn twos and negativism his whole life. He is a child who combines oversensitivity to certain touch, sound and other sensations, with good "big picture thinking." A good analytic thinker, he tries to control his world so he won't be overwhelmed. Rather than getting overwhelmed and fearful he tries to control everything, but really for the purpose of keeping himself calm. If you know that, you can help him become more cooperative and flexible, but the key is not to enter into the power struggles with him.
5. InattentiveThis is the distractable kid. He gets lost on the way to the bathroom. A lot of these kids get diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and get put on Ritalin early. They have problems with the ability to plan and sequence actions, for example, following directions at school or remembering where things are. And as adults they are the kind of people you don't want to have as your assistant. They can never remember where anything is or what to do, they don't follow through well and they have trouble with different careers. "Now," Greenspan explains, "we can work with improving the basic sequencing ability through a series of exercises, which means for a lot of the kids they don't need medication. And then you can keep medication on the shelf as a possible option when the children get older if you are unsuccessful in strengthening these underlying abilities."
While parents are not responsible for their child's pattern, they can be taught to be a very important part of the solution. If they know their child both intellectually and emotionally, like this, early on, they can help their child develop new skills that they otherwise don't have. To do this, parents need tools - Greenspan calls it, "the best current information," for example, information about personality type and how to effectively nurture each type.
Most kids are not pure cultures. They are a mix of personality types. For example, they may combine a little defiance, and a little bit of sensitivity. But if you understand these patterns you can then combine some of the solutions.
The important point is that biology is not destiny, and being able to recognize your general type of child is key.
Greenspan says that more than half of parents, professionals and educators still believe children should conform - the idea being you don't tailor things to them, you socialize them to you. [This is the entry of resonance "Star of David": conformity as in "form" is an indication of the presence of coherence. So conformity leads to being in step with the family and accepting their coherence to form "social level of holomind" that is resonant within the family, not outside it.]
Then there are those people who have the general notion that some children are more this, and some children are more that - like the more shy inhibited child, or the more outgoing extroverted child. A lot of educators have the notion that if we fit the environment to the child, the child will do better. Now, people are starting to think in a more complex way, that we can recognize these personality types, and that each child requires a different kind of nurturing, and a different kind of loving. We don't treat all children the same way. We love them all in equal amounts, but we don't love them in the same way. And we have to adapt our nurturing and loving to the child's personality type. [To bring them into the "fold" or coherent group mind!]
Dr. Stanley Greenspan is the author of the new book "Building Healthy Minds: The Six Experiences That Create Intelligence and Emotional Growth in Babies and Young Children," which includes these personality types in young children. He is also the author of an earlier book, "The Challenging Child," which discusses these patterns through age 12 and 13.
These are the coherent sources of the reptilian brain and 5 pointed star!
Modem tweak and other hardware stuff:Written By: Keith "Farrel" Mc Clellan? <email@example.com> Posted: February 19, 2000
You probably already noticed the change in the title - I am splitting up the Modem and LAN tweak guides. As for why, let's just say a little birdie landed on my shoulder and whispered some very, very cool tidbits about LAN tweaking into my ear. Did you know that some IP numbers are faster than others? Well, anyway, if my new LAN tweaking guide isn't already up, it will be very soon - so make sure you check it out.
I've got a few new tidbits for this guide as well - this isn't just a divorce of one guide into two, but it is also a growing stage - an extra foot taller maybe? Well, anyway, enjoy.
Note - this guide is not for Windows 2000. This is probably the final update to the Windows 9x Modem Tweak Guide.
The first step to successfully tweaking your network is downloading the newest drivers. For links to tons of drivers, check out the Drivers Headquarters <http://www.drivershq.com>. Another alternative would be to simply search the manufacturer's website; however, it is often faster to find the link on DHQ.
Dial-Up Adapter and TCP/IP Protocol Settings
Open up the Control Panel (once again), and double-click the Network icon. Under the Configuration tab, select the Dial-Up Adapter and click Properties. Go to the Bindings tab and uncheck all boxes except the TCP/IP box. Select the Advanced tab and set Enable Point To Point IP to No (unless you routinely accept incoming calls using your modem, in which case leave it enabled), IP Packet Size to Large (normally I would recommend Auto, but due to a bug it can cause problems with certain MTU settings above 576), and Record Log File to No. If you mostly use the Internet to download files and view webpages, enable IPX Header Compression, otherwise disable it. Next, select the TCP/IP protocol (if you have multiple copies of the protocol installed, use the one for your dial-up adapter/modem) and click Properties. Select the WINS Configuration tab, and choose the Disable WINS Resolution option. Click the DNS configuration tab, and select Disable DNS. Go to the Bindings tab. Uncheck all the boxes.
Note: Sometimes, certain IS Ps? will give you specific instructions for your network settings. If your ISP is one of these, you will probably be better off using their settings... they know their particular system better than anyone else could.
Next, open your Dial-up networking folder and go to the server-types tab. Make sure that TCP/IP is enabled (and compression if you want web pages to load faster, and don't care about ping), and everything else is disabled (unless you have specific instructions from your ISP otherwise). This will help you connect to your ISP faster.
Optimizing Other TCP/IP Settings
Windows 95 Modem:
After drivers, optimizing your network settings is the most important step in tweaking your LAN or modem. I personally recommend using iSpeed <http://www.hms.com> from High Mountain Software for tweaking your modem. Not only have I found it the easiest program to use, but it is the only program I have found that supports the NDI Cachesize setting.
MTU (Maximum Transmittable Unit):This setting is imperative for optimal packet transmission, for if it is set correctly, it will stop the information from being broken up during the transfer.
MSS (Maximum Segment Size):This is the largest amount of data that can be sent in one transmitted unit. The rest of the packet is reserved for the header, which includes destination information as well as other information. An unconfirmed rumor that is going around recently states that Windows 98 doesn't use this setting because it determines the MSS dynamically. However, even if this is correct, inputting this setting will in no way be detrimental to the system.
RWIN (Receive Window) Multiplier:This setting determines how many packets are transmitted before the system determines the integrity of the data transfer. Raising this setting will increase modem speed at the price of possible packet loss. Generally, a good multiplier is 4x, but if you have particularly clean, or bad, phone lines, you may want to adjust the setting accordingly.
TTL (Time to Live):This setting determines how many "hops" the computer will allow before it closes the connection. A low number, such as 32, will slightly increase performance, but a higher number, such as 128, will allow you to reach sites that are having connection problems (such as when a pipeline goes down and the information has to be rerouted through another system).
MTU Auto Discover:Even though you calculate your MTU using your ISP, sometimes other sites will be connected to the Internet using an even lower MTU. In these situations, Auto Discover comes into play. It will determine the optimal MTU for that particular site so that your information has to be fragmented as little as possible. NOTE: This is only a Windows 98 feature - it doesn't do anything for Windows 95 users, so leave it disabled.
Black Hole Detect:This setting enables the computer to determine some reasons for packet loss. This setting, however, is not recommended because it will dramatically lower performance. Better to just leave it off.
NDI Cachesize:The NDI cachesize is a networking setting and won't directly affect your Internet connection, but if you are connected to a network you should set it to 16 or 32.
Determining Your MTU
Depending on your particular modem/line/ISP, you may have more success with other settings. There is, however, an easy way to determine your optimal MTU, which should make your tinkering a lot less complicated. Start by opening a dos prompt, then enter the command "ping -f -l [trial MTU number] www.[your-isp].com". Start with 548 and go up or down depending on the message (if it tells you that the packets are being fragmented, you need to go down - you want the highest setting that doesn't cause packet fragmentation). To derive your MTU from the ping data, add 28 to the highest number that worked (packet size+28). Then, to derive your MSS from your MTU number, take MTU-40 and insert that value for MSS. The other settings will probably require a bit more tinkering though.
Windows 98 Modem:
Windows 98 made leaps and bounds when it comes to its TCP/IP stack (as the driver protocol is referred to), but there are still some problems with it - particularly when using it in conjunction with iSpeed. If you already have iSpeed installed, use the program to reset the windows defaults and uninstall the software. Then follow the following steps to tweak your TCP/IP settings.
- Enter the control panel and start up the Network applet - Click on the icon representing your network card and click on the Properties button - Go to the Advanced Tab - Make sure that IP Packet Size is set to Large - If you mostly use the internet for downloading files and viewing webpages, enable IP Header Compression - otherwise, leave it off.
Why is this so easy? Well, Windows 98 has a new feature called MTU Auto discover. This will automatically determine the optimal MTU (and will derive all of the other settings from that) on connect. The problem is, if you set the IP Packet size to something smaller than large (auto assumes 576, even though it shouldn't), you limit your maximum MTU because Windows assumes that that setting is as high as it needs to go. Also, if you set the settings manually (through the registry, as iSpeed does), you lose Windows' ability to dynamically choose the optimal settings on connect as well - and servers have been known to change these settings frequently to handle more traffic. My local ISP even changes the settings daily to allow more users, because of the heinous bottleneck between Malaysia and California. Special thanks goes out to Rob at BX Boards? <http://www.bxboards.com> for the heads up on this issue.
FIFO Buffers, Modem, and Port Settings
Here are some of the other settings that will help you maximize modem performance.
First, change your FIFO settings. To do this, right click on My Computer. Go to Properties. Then click the Device Manager tab at the top. Locate Modem, double click on it, then double click your modem.
Click the connection tab at the top of the properties section. Click the port settings button. Now slide the FIFO buffers all the way right. If things don't work correctly when you attempt to use your modem then you should change this back.
Now from the other menu click advanced. Make sure your modem is using hardware flow control, use compression, and error control for best results. It is also important for the flow control setting to be set to hardware, because software mode is more taxing on your CPU then hardware mode is.
Go back to Device Manager. Double click the Ports section, and then double click the Communication Port your modem uses.
It will bring up a similar Properties section. Click the Port Settings tab. Change Bits Per Second to 115200 or higher. Change flow control to Hardware. Then click the Advanced... button and it will bring up the same FIFO menu as above. Slide the bar all the way to the right again.
There are a few registry settings that are impossible to reach without actually diving into regedit itself, and these are a few of them. First off, under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, there are a series of keys named \System\Current Control Set?\Services\Class\Net\000X (where X is a number between 1 and 9). Under these keys, there is a value with the name SLOWNET. Obviously, this is a bad thing, so you want to change the value from the default of 01 to 00. Another key, \System\Current Control Set?\Services\Vx D?\COMBUFF, has a value in it called Start, which is disabled. Change the 00 to 01. And a third key, \System\Current Control Set?\Services\Vx D?\VCACHE, also has a value called start, which should be changed from 00 to 01.
To customize your modem even more you should use an initialization string that fits your needs. For more information on this, check out your modem's manual. It will have all the info you need. I personally use this string:
Here is how you use initialization strings:
Go to your start menu, go to Settings, go to Control Panel. Double click "Modems". Click Properties. Click the Connection tab at the top. Go to Advanced. In the box under Extra Settings type your new initialization string.
Also, stop by this site <http://www.spy.net/%7Edustin/modem/> for optimized modem initialization strings for nearly every modem out there. This can really boost performance. Or, if you feel technically inclined, you can grab the white papers for your modem (usually you can grab these from the manufacturer's website if you do a little digging) and you can write your own init string.
Modems and Network cards alike can benefit from the newest firmware. Firmware is like the BIOS for a piece of hardware (like a modem) that can be flash upgraded. V.90 is one type of firmware upgrade, but not the only kind. Firmware updates can generally be found on the manufacturers website, and further information about V.90 specific firmware updates is available below.
Upgrading Your Modem to V.90
Many people bought 56K modems when they first came out as X2 or K 56 Flex?, without considering the update to a standard that was bound to come. Luckily, most modems are flash upgradeable to the V.90 standard. It is a simple process that takes about 15 to 20 minutes. Check out the V.90 Upgrade FAQ on 56K.com here <http://www.56k.com/buyer/v90upfaq.shtml>. It tells all you need to know about the procedure itself. Make sure that your ISP supports V.90 as well.
Basically all you must do is flash your modem's BIOS w/ the V.90 protocol and (for best results) update your modem's drivers. Does your modem manufacturer have the V.90 upgrade ready to download? Check out 56K.com's Modem Link Board <http://www.56k.com/links/V90_Upgrades/>. Download the flash update and the newest drivers and you should be well on your way.
V.90 is a great protocol as long as it is fully supported by both your ISP and your modem. However, in some circumstances people may actually want to disable V.90. Several things, including problems connecting to online games, etc, could cause this. For more information on disabling V.90, check out 56K.com's Upgrade FAQ here for K 56 Flex? <http://www.56k.com/buyer/v90upfaq.shtml> or here for X2 <http://www.56k.com/buyer/v90upfaq.shtml> users.
Note - This method works on Win98 and above, but it will only work on Win95 if you download DUN 1.3.
Binding modems simply means you're running two modems in tandem to give yourself more bandwidth. They don't have to be the same brand or speed. This is sometimes also called "the poor man's ISDN", as binding 2 56k modems will give about the same bandwidth. To do this you'll need:
- Two modems - Two phone lines - An ISP that lets you dial in the same account twice (for modem binding purposes) - Patience
Open your Dial-Up Networking Folder, and right-click on your Dial-Up connection. Choose Properties, and then go to the Multilink tab. Select 'Use additional devices', and then add your second modem to the list. Select it, click Edit, and configure it to dial the correct numbers, etc.
Now try starting up your connection, and if it works, you should now have a much faster connection - for pretty cheap, too.
Tweaking Cable Modems
If you were not already aware of this fact, Cable Modems are the same thing as Coaxial network cards (10base2), so checking out the LAN tweaking guide might be of benefit. For further information about optimizing your cable adapter for Internet TCP/IP connections, check out Speedguide.net <http://www.speedguide.net>. Some of their other guides have a few possibly questionable tweaks in them, but this particular one is extremely good.
xDSL (SDSL, ADSL, etc...) connections are all fundamentally direct network connections to the Internet using RJ-47 network cards (10baseT), so follow the same processes recommended for a LAN (Editor's note: the LAN tweak guide should be posted tomorrow, February 20, 2000), except for any information specifically given to you by your ISP.
Modem/Connection Stability Issues
There are a couple of things you can try to get an unstable connection to run properly.
(a) Use a custom Init string to force the modem to connect at a lower speed. (b) Use the Standard Modem drivers (any speed, it doesn't matter they are all the same) instead of the drivers for you modem. (c) Enable Error Control under the Advanced Connection Settings for your modem (same place you input your Init string).
File/Printer Sharing Issues
File and Printer Sharing is not secure, and unless you are on a network you do NOT want to have it enabled. If you are on a network and there is no way you can set up a firewall of some sort, take the following steps:
(a) Put a password on all of your drives (b) Set to Read Only - if you need to copy a file to a computer with read-only installed, go to the other computer and call the files from there instead of sending them. (c) Disable file and printer sharing when connected to the Internet if possible (to do this, use the file/printer sharing button in the Network applet).
I hope you find the changes I made to this guide helpful and enlightening. As always, feel free to email me with questions and comments.
Total Access · Dual Modem SetupDual Modem Setup Menu -> Top of Form Bottom of Form Bottom of Form Total Access can provide support for dual modem access to our services which will allow our users to attain download rates of up to twice what they normally would get using a single modem. Dual modem access requires that the user has two modems (properly installed), two telephone lines and an account with Total Access allowing dual modem access. Windows 98 comes with dual modem support. Windows 95 users can install dual modem support by downloading the "Windows Dial-Up Networking 1.3 Performance and Security Upgrade" from the Microsoft site. Getting the Dual Modem Support Software for Windows 95
1. Navigate to www.microsoft.com <http://www.microsoft.com> with your Web Browser
2. Position your cursor over "All Products" in the upper right hand corner of the page and select "Downloads" from the dropdown menu.
3. On the "Free Downloads" Page, find the section titled: Support Drivers, Patches and Service Packs
4. Click the link "Windows95 Shareware and Utilities" then choose Windows 95 from the page that follows.
5. Find the section titled "NETWORKING" and click on the link "Windows Dial-Up Networking 1.3 Performance and Security Upgrade for Windows 95"
6. Select the language version you desire and click Next.
7. Select any of the first three Conxion sites, then click "Download Now".
8. At the File Download prompt, choose "Save it to disk" and click OK.
9. Click in the "Save in" field and choose C: from the dropdown menu.
10. Beside the "Save in" field are two icons with pictures of folders. Click the second such icon (no arrow on the folder) to create a new folder on C:
11. In the window below, a new folder will appear with the highlighted text "New Folder". Type dun13, then double click on the folder beside the text you just typed. The "Save in" field should now contain the name of your new folder.
13. Once the download is finished you should see a dialog that the Download is Complete". Click OK.
Installing Dialup Networking Upgrade for Windows 95.
1. Click Start then Run.
2. In the Open field, type C:\dun13\msdun13.exe, then click OK.
3. Click Yes to install the upgrade.
4. Read the license agreement, then click Yes if you accept.
5. After files are installed, you will be prompted to restart your computer. Click Yes to restart.
Setting up Multilink
1. Click Start, Programs, Accessories, then click on Dialup Networking. Windows 98 users will find Dialup Networking in the Communications folder under Accessories.
2. Right click on the dialup connection for your service provider (i.e. the Total Access icon) and select Properties.
4. Click "Use Additional Devices".
5. Click Add.
6. Select your second modem. Type in the number for your dialup connection (see the General Tab for the correct number), then click OK.
8. Your second modem and the service provider number should appear in the additional devices window. Click OK.
Upon connection to your service provider, the first modem will dial. Upon successful negotiation of the first connection, the second modem will dial.
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